1In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.Well, there are some pretty obvious questions at the get-go:
2And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
3And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
4And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.
5And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.
6And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.
7And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.
8And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.
9And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.
10And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.
11And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.
12And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
13And the evening and the morning were the third day.
14And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
15And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
16And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.
17And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,
18And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
19And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
20And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.
21And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
22And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.
23And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.
24And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.
25And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
26And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
27So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
28And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
29And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.
30And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.
31And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
- Who wrote this?
- Why should we believe this particular creation story?
The following I know because wikipedia tells me so:
All that does little to convince me that this is as accurate as, say, an "E! True Hollywood Story."
The text of Genesis makes no claim about authorship; the traditional Jewish, and later Christian, belief was that the book was dictated in its entirety by God to Moses on Mount Sinai. For a number of reasons, this view is no longer accepted by biblical scholars, who instead accept the proposal known as the documentary hypothesis which postulates a redactor, possibly Ezra (5th century BC), compiling from earlier sources. Scholarly debate instead addresses the question whether these earlier sources included a post-exilic production (i.e., post-dating 583 BC), or a product of the Kingdom of Judah under Josiah (7th century BC), or whether some elements might even date back to the United Monarchy (10th century BC) (see dating the Bible).
The existence of the full text of Genesis is ascertained for the 3rd century BC when it was translated into Greek (the Septuagint). The oldest known manuscripts of the Masoretic text of Genesis are the Aleppo Codex (dated to ca. 920) and the Westminster Leningrad Codex (dated to 1008). There are also fragments of the (unvocalized) Genesis text preserved in some Dead Sea scrolls (1st century BC or AD).
So, we have it that God started out and created a lot of stuff. I'm not sure if this means he did this as soon as he was born — which makes him quite the prodigy, even for a god — or if this is just the story of Mission: Earth and Heaven, and God had been kicking around the circuit for some time before his attention moved to birthing us and the sky above.
In any case, it was quite a week.
I wonder why there's so much of God seeing that things he made were good. Is His Omnipotence lacking in self-confidence, or does he just groove on himself like Dane Cook basking in some unearned laughter?
I'm a tad confused about verse #7 about sandwiching firmament above and below the waters. Is that overhead water the clouds, or is there a big sea in the sky somewhere?
Verse #16 describes God making two bright lights, the latter presumably being the moon. I suppose one could poetically consider that reflective satellite to be a light, but the whole thing seems awfully Earth-centric. Assuming that the Heaven that God created includes the whole universe, our shiny l'il moon doesn't seem like such a major creation.
Now here comes what seems to be a big problem. All the science I've ever learned suggests a slow crawl of life out of the primordial ooze, so this business with all creatures great and small showing up in the first week seems pretty specious. Talk about a fact-checking snafu! Has anyone cross-checked this with The Origin of the Species or any leading paleontology texts?
Finally, what's up with "I have given every green herb for meat." In the first week, did God invent tofurkey?